If you’ve been to Slovakia, the chances are you tried our korbáčik, parenica or oštiepok – the three cheeses that are still being made the traditional way at Slovak salashes and small mountain farms. Depending on the place and time of year, they can be more or less salty, but that’s exactly how most Slovaks like their cheese.
The history of our cheese making goes back to the 14th century when Valachian people fleeing from Romania settled in the mountainous regions of today’s Slovakia. They were tough, hardy shepherds who had brought with them sturdy breeds of sheep fit to survive our harsh winters. The Valachians quickly blended with the native population who, in turn, readily accepted their way of farming and making cheese.
I have already mentioned a book about Slovak cuisine that we are preparing for publication right now. There will be a chapter documenting the art of traditional cheese making in Slovakia.
Whether it is korbáčik, parenica or oštiepok, the traditional techniques use the pliability of sheep’s or cow’s milk cheese at temperatures between 80 – 90ºC. The hot cheese is pulled out into long threads and plaited, rolled into small drums, or simply placed in hand-carved wooden moulds.
There are annual competitions in some mountain villages to award the best cheeses and most imaginative works made of them.
Although sheep’s milk is three times as expensive as cow’s milk, it is also much more nutritious and easier to digest, not to mention its delicate creamy consistence and strong antimicrobial effects. It’s no wonder that the demand for sheep’s milk cheese has soared in the last decade, and our sheep farming is thriving again after a long spell of decline.
If you want to try traditional Slovak food, have a look at the salash life and see our cheese being made on the spot, this is a place to visit:
You will see real shepherds at work at Zázrivá Salash, as well as the wooden cottage close to the pastures which is their home for the most part of the year.